Pop music is actually made to be played back on a home stereo system. Wouldn’t it make sense in using the same type of Hi-Fi speakers for mixing and monitoring? But, recording professionals prefer the dedicated monitor speakers for studio purposes.
Hi-Fi speakers or home stereo speakers are always passive speakers like requiring an external amplifier with the speaker outputs. The studio monitors with some exceptions are powered or active speakers that means power amplifier is designed the speaker cabinet. So, you need to connect this to the line source with volume control like a dedicated monitor controller or audio interface.
There is a best way to check. A powered or an active speaker should have a mains inlet. Active speakers provide several advantages. Typically, they have not only 1 power amplifier, yet several. The tweeter, woofer, and mid-range speaker each get their power amplifies that results in a much accurate dynamic response. This is because the woofer that require some power on every kick drum hit and bass note, will not take away any energy from some speakers as this might on passive speakers, powered by only an amp for speakers. Having some dedicated power amplifiers for every speaker also makes it simpler to build crossovers. Not only crossover can be positioned before power amps, yet because the active circuitry may be used to acquire steeper filter slopes. It reduces overlap between mid-range speaker, tweeter, and woofer that results in more detailed and clearer sound image.
Typically, home stereo speakers are passive. There are only 2 speaker terminals on the rear to connect these to power amplifier.
Different Tasks and Different Tools
When music experts listen to music, they do this with different mindset than the music consumers. Some enthusiasts simply like to enjoy the music they like as best as they want. It does not really matter if the sound they hear is an accurate reproduction of what artist intended. What matters is the subjective impression of the listeners. Majority of music consumers prefer speakers, which seem to improve listening experience.
Some Hi-Fi speakers accomplish it through boosting the top end and bottom end. The smiley curve makes the music appear more crisp and powerful. Producers, engineers, and musicians like something different. They need to hear the truth. They like speakers, which add no extra sugar and don’t have imperfections. It is not different from the home studio. If there are some wrong notes, imperfect sounds or extraneous noises, you like to address those problems before anybody else could notice. So you require speakers that provide you a bit detail than the typical Hi-Fi speakers.
When it comes to mixing stage, you have to hear if balance is perfect. There’s a fine line between too loud and loud, between drums overpowering vocals and powerful drums. There is a finer line between booming bass and solid bass, between harsh treble and crisp treble. It takes linear and accurate speakers to make mix decisions. If you are still confused between a home stereo speaker and studio monitor, How To Mix Music is a site that will guide you throughout the way.